Coal to Liquids
Coal to Liquids Plants
We, LME, operates as a group of specialized engineers, whereby we act as the Owners Engineer, appointed by the Client, to erect a CTL Plant & Refinery according to need and operate as follow;
– Client Engineers appointment.
– Project Management & Consulting fees.
– Testing of samples.
– Completion of feasibility study report: 90 days from confirmation of acceptance of quotation and funds available.
– The second stage of feasibility studies would be the detail information in determining capital cost, feedstock cost, water supply, design, market conditions and will also determine most of the major commercial and funding issues.
– It is thus proposed, in the interest of Nominated Government to appointment the Owners Engineering Company, to enable LME the technical management of the project in stages and commission a profitable CTL/GTL/UCG plant result, which will be a total definite win-win for the Nominated Government’s economy and local people.
LME ensures that all the work related to the study of coal and the development of the technology, be submitted within 90 days after receiving your quoted amount in $ USD of the cost for the above services.
LME officially confirms its willingness to introduce a ready, willing and able Investor to implement the project for the production of 6,000 tons of diesel fuel per month of coal in the specific country.
The project will be implemented in two phases:
A. Stage 1 – Pre-feasibility Study
Study of coal from Nominated country, improvement of technological processes, chemical composition of metal catalysts and the organization of their production.
Our company ensures that all the work related to the study of coal and the development of the technology for the CTL/GTL/UCG PLANT, delivered upon 90 days after receiving the amount of $ quoted amount from Government for the cost of the feasibility study services.
Completion of Stage 1 – The definition of economic and technological parameters of the project, preparation of the Investment Agreement and its signature.
A list of studies on the coal, mining regimes and processes for the production of diesel fuel from coal.
1.Analysis of coal.
1.1. General information about the chemical composition and structure of coal.
1.2. Main results of thermal and processing properties.
1.3. Results of the study on thermal effects on the coal.
1.4. Brief conclusions and recommendations for the adjustment process and the catalysts.
2. An analysis of the scientific and practical components of the mineral part of the study in relation to coal
– as raw material for the production of diesel fuel
2.1. Information on the effect of the mineral component of coal output of finished products – diesel.
2.2. The requirements for the catalysts used to stimulate chemical decomposition processes of the mineral part of the gasification of coal
2.3. The studies on the mineral composition of the inorganic carbon.
2.4. Statement of the research problem and determine the optimal temperature conditions at each stage of the process
3. Definition of the methodology and characterization of the conditions for research.
3.1. The main provisions of research methodologies.
3.2. Physical conditions prior fractionation of coal for optimal loading and processing.
3.3. Testing of the process of decomposition of the mineral composition of coal in view of ensuring the provision of
Sulphur and get it in powder form.
3.4. Ensuring reliability and error estimation results of the coal processing at each stage of the process.
4. Investigation of mineral components in coal.
4.1. Chemical composition of fly ash.
4.2. The distribution of mineral matter on coal fractions having different densities.
4.3. Major groups of minerals in the coal.
4.4. Discussion of the results and a brief conclusion with recommendations for correcting the technologists operating practices and the inclusion of the catalysts of additional items.
5. Prediction of the behavior of the mineral part of coal in the production technology of diesel fuel when the initial
quality of the different batches of raw coal.
5.1. Basic laws of transformation of the mineral components under the influence of factors in the gasification stage .
5.2. The estimated parameters for predicting the properties of the chemical composition of diesel fuel. Testing modes of technological processes to guarantee the stability of the chemical composition of diesel fuel during transportation and storage for a long period of time, according to the fuel quality requirements category EVRO5.
5.3. Development (including the recommendations of the studies) alloy for metal catalysts and the organization of their production.
5.4. Testing of the entire process in a laboratory with the preparation of routing.
B. Stage 2 – Implementation of the project on the basis of the Investment Agreement.
Upon completion of Stage 1, LME invite Government to visit the Investor or Government invite Investor to nominated country for negotiations, discussions and signing of the Partnership and Investment Agreement.
Conditions of the project
Investor Guarantee successful implementation of projects identified by modern technology and the conditions of the project, commitment of Investment Company:
Responsibilities of Investment Company
Duration of the project – 36months.
Build turnkey plant.
Total estimate and costing of project upon completion of concept development phase.
Detail Design of the (CTL/GTL/UCG) Plant.
Preparation of all relevant project documents, plant designs and detailed estimations with Bill of Quantities.
Financing of the (CTL/GTL/UCG) Plant.
Operations schedules and projections.
Erection, construction and implementation of (CTL/GTL/UCG) Plant.
Execute commissioning of the plant and to train local staff.
Responsibilities of Nominated Government
In preparation for implementation of the project to provide 10 kg of coal samples, which Government propose to use as a raw material in the project, for research and development of the technology.
Nominated Government to contribute quoted amount USD – the cost of studies and coal mining technology for its use.
Provide a suitable stand of 50 hectares, with all internal services to link to external services for the plant, under the conditions of the long lease (not less than 35 years).
Upon the start up of the plant and to ensure the supply of 15 000 tons of coal per month for recycling at a fair price (10% below market price should be determined at the time of delivery).
The construction of the plant of modular type, with the placement of equipment in standard shipping containers.
This allows you to ensure the safety of the equipment during transport, simplify the installation of the plant, the possibility of the delivery and installation of the plant in any country, and subsequently increase the productivity of the plant through the installation of additional modules.
C. Operation Proposal
The Government of Nominated country or an affiliated appointed Government institution should be a co-owner (Partner) of the plant and it be controlled and managed accordingly. LME will be appointed by Government as the Owners Engineers to fulfill the responsibilities as stipulated in the introduction above.
LME will be responsible for the managing and execution of feasibility study (Stage 1).
LME will introduce and assist Government to the Investor and financier for the project according to above stipulated Item B Stage 2 above, which will be discussed in detail upon initial meeting with Government and upon appointment as Owners Engineering Company.
LME will primary act as the Owners Engineering Company for and on behalf of the Nominated Government in its limits as per contract appointment with Government.
A final decision on what route to follow is all dependent on where the coal source results are tested and at what calorific value (MJ/kg), as well the environmental and social impacts are identified during the said phases of the engineering project by the Owners Engineering Company.
D. Technical Overview
Development of the technology for producing synthesis gas from coal samples is carried out in full – only to get accurate economic and technological parameters of the project:
Innovation in the development of the proposed installation is to use a plasma source for simultaneous conversion of organic and mineral parts of the coal, at high temperatures (2500-4000 K), without pressure, with the absence of the need to create air separation plants for the oxidizer.
As a result of the plasma processing integrated coal in a single process, carried out in a combined plasma reactor is provided, the simultaneous production of synthesis gas and of organic components, mineral coal mass. Technology is the most promising from an environmental point of view. SUMMARY technology consists in heating the coal dust plasma arc, which is an oxidizing agent, to complete the gasification temperature, whereby organic matter is transformed into charcoal clean fuel – syngas, free from fly ash particles, oxides of nitrogen and sulfur. Simultaneously there is a mass reduction of oxides of mineral coal coke carbon and formation of components, such as a technical silicon, ferrosilicon, aluminum karbosilitsy and trace rare metals, uranium, molybdenum, vanadium, etc.
Coal gasification is a technology strategic choice for production of electricity, and to produce synthesis – dioxide and hydrogen from the coal.
Synthesis – gas can be used for methanol synthesis, or as high-grade a reducing gas to replace coke for the direct reduction of iron. A plasma-steam gasification of coal can be used for producing hydrogen by decomposing water vapor carbon low grade coals.
Implementation of the project will reduce the use of metallurgy and other industries, scarce and expensive coke, significantly improve the environment by reducing harmful dust and gas emissions and create high-performance environmentally friendly technology of plasma gasification of low-grade solid fuels, with simultaneous production of synthesis gas and valuable components of mineral matter of coal.
From the existing methods of complex coal processing of special interest are the most economical, the so- called combined plasma technology, in which recycled and organic (WMD), and the mass of mineral coal (MMU) components sometimes 30-40% or more by weight of the low-grade fuel. It is very significant that the combined technologies of valuable components are advantageously prepared by reduction of the mass of mineral coal oxides (SiO2, Fe2O3, Al2O3, CaO, MgO, TiO2, etc.)
Basic principles of integrated plasma processing fuels is to heat a mixture of coal with any oxidizing agent (or combination thereof) in an electric arc zone of the plasma torch to produce in a single technological process of WMD high energy synthesis gas free of sulfur and nitrogen oxides, and from MTN – valuable constituents (silicon, ferrosilicon, karbosilitsiya, alumina, trace elements, etc..)
Schematic diagram of the plasma unit for coal gasification.
Fig. 1 Scheme of the plasma unit for coal gasification.
- 1. plasma gasifier
- 2. gas separation chamber and the slag
- 3. shlakosbornik
- 4. removal chamber syngas diaphragm
- 5,6. camera hydration pylepitatel
- 7,8. Cooling system
- 9,10.the power supply system
- 11,12. feeder rod electrode
- 13. to the steam generator
- 14. a safety valve
- 15. bearing slag collection.
According to experts, the market value of gaseous and condensed products derived from plasma thermochemical processing of coal, ten times higher than the cost of coal and equipment for its processing. designed plasma gasifiers for coal processing capacity of 100kW (Figure 1) and 1000 kW. The principle of operation of the two combined gasifiers – identical. In these gasifiers from the organic matter of coal produces synthesis gas (CO + H2) in a yield of 96%, and the mass of mineral coal recovering valuable components (Technical silicon ferrosilitsium (FeSi), karbosilitsium (SiC), etc..) To yield up to 47%.
A GTL/CTL (synthetic petroleum facility) production/refinery facility will provide the petroleum products for the domestic and international market. It is proposed that a proper project framing exercise be included in the study to enable accurate project definition and stakeholder
expectations. The ultimate goal is to provide a processing facility to the client that provides maximum Return on Capital Employed (ROCE).
CTL plants are costly to construct, about $1 billion dollars for a 10,000-barrel/day facility (2006). The proposed technology and IP know-how can be applied to Gas to Liquids (GTL), Coal to Liquids (CTL), as well as a new combined feed process.
The cost of the proposed synthetic oil/fuel will allow to produce a minimum profit at a price of about $30/barrel and to be confirmed during the initial phases of the engineering project by the Owners Engineering Company.
The technology and IP offers reduced CO2 emission, reduced CAPEX and OPEX costs, as well as simplicity of operation and ease of scalability. A range of sizes in which the technology can be implemented achieves this scalability.
The proposed CTL plants are not only fascinating in their sheer size; it also involves very interesting technology. The world’s CTL models have involved the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) process, which requires coal to be turned
into synthetic gas, and then to be liquefied.